The Securitized Energy Relationship: the EU and Russia Political and Security Discourses

Amer Ababakr
International Journal of Economics and Business Administration, Volume X, Issue 3, 23-40, 2022
DOI: 10.35808/ijeba/774


Purpose: This paper aims to identify the significance of securitization of the energy relationship between Russia and EU countries by both sides and its influence on the Energy Security on the regional security complex between EU countries and Russia. Design/methodology/approach: The subject of energy security in the international arena came to the platform with the increasing economic and globalization development in the framework that is called the 'untraditional security'. In today’s international relations, Energy security and security issues appear to be extremely intertwined. The current study argues that, regardless of the magnitude of the energy relationship, which manifests itself in a high degree of interdependence between the two sides, their relationship saw dispute, because of a high level of securitization process initiated by both EU member states and Russia. Findings: The main hypothesis of the study corresponded with the outcomes, which acknowledges that both EU countries and Russia securitized the energy relations between them, the study concluded that, regardless of the magnitude of the energy relationship, which marked itself in a high grade of interdependence between the EU countries and Russia. The study argues that whenever increased the desire to achieve more energy materials, it makes new or improves the relationship between countries. Practical implications: The Ukraine crisis has ensued structural changes in the relationship, between Russia, Ukraine and EU which deteriorated and brought more tensions and the securitization of energy questions. Hence, in the Ukraine crisis, both EU countries and Russia securitized the energy aspect of the crisis to take extraordinary measures to use the crisis against each other.

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