The Effects of EU Cohesion Policy on Trasnsport Infrastructures: Evidence for Andalusia in 1989-2013
Purpose: In the late 1980s, Andalusia had serious gaps in infrastructure. Road communications with the rest of Spain were poor. The region itself was deeply disjointed internally and lacked reasonable road communication in its transverse axis (east-central-west). This situation caused the ‘geographical disconnection’ between important areas (Cádiz-Seville-Córdoba) with the western and eastern Andalusia. The aim of this study is to evaluate the EU Cohesion policy and its effect in this region. Design/Methodology/Approach: The evaluation methodology used integrates documentary sources depending on the availability in each programme period (official documents, evaluation reports, basic statistics and papers) to determine possible gaps or misuses of funds in transport infrastructures. Findings: One of the most important lessons learned from the Andalucian experience of the late 1980s early 2000s is the effect of the territorial articulation policy and the way in which it connected the regional market and increased inner and external accessibility. Practical Implications: Today, a large part of these needs have been met whereby Andalusia possesses highways and road endowments comparable to those in many regions of the most developed European countries, is satisfying the main regional needs. Originality/Value: A great part of the achievements is attributable to ERDF investments which have led to the capitalisation and upgrading of the Andalusian economy and society in a relatively short amount of time.